Sparkar

Ap-chagi (앞차기)

A technique to strike a target in front of the performer with the foot. This is a skill of delivering a blow to the opponent’s chin, solar plexus, stomach, etc. with one’s instep, the ball of the foot, or the bottom of the heel. Commonly, ap-chagi is executed by bending the knee and extending it to kick straight into the target. Occasionally, one can kick straight up to the opponent’s chin and testicles. One may also push the opponent with the foot to maintain the distance with him or her.

Naeryeo-chagi (내려차기)

A technique of striking a target from the upper to lower direction. This is a striking skill using the sole of the foot or the back of the heel aiming at the opponent’s face or shoulder. Naeryeo-chagi is usually performed with the knee bent, lifted, extended forward, and then striking vertically downward on the opponent. In sparring, the strike can be performed inward or outward depending on the position of the opponent.

An-chagi (안차기)

A technique of striking a target from the outside to the inside of the performer with the inside edge of the foot (Reverse Foot Blade). This is a skill that requires swinging of the foot from the outside to the inside with the knee facing upward. This skill is designed to strike the side of an opponent’s face with the reverse foot blade and is used in such skills as pyojeok-chagi (Target Kick).

Bakkat-chagi (바깥차기)

A striking technique using the outside edge of the foot (Foot Blade) traveling from the inside to the outside. This is a skill of striking the side of the opponent’s face with the blade of the foot by swinging the foot widely with the knee, facing up from the inside to the outside of the performer.

Dollyeo-chagi (돌려차기)

A technique of turning the foot inward to strike a target. This is a skill of pivoting the supporting leg and completely turning the hip in to strike the opponent’s face or trunk with the ball of the foot or the instep. A turning kick is generally employed to strike the opponent’s vital points such as temples and ribs with the ball of the foot. In sparring and kicking practice, the instep is utilized in order to expand the area of the striking surface or to avoid injuring the opponent while still getting points.

Mireo-chagi (밀어차기)

A technique of pushing the opponent with the foot. This is a pushing technique to make the opponent fall or to maintain some distance with him or her by using the ball or sole of the foot.

Dwi-chagi (뒤차기)

A technique of striking the target by bending the knee and thrusting backward. This is a skill of striking the opponent with the bottom of the heel in his or her stomach or chest. This is generally employed by turning one’s body backward and executing a kick when the opponent is in front. Occasionally, one may deliver a straight kick in a fixed position to the target.

Yeop-chagi (옆차기)

A technique of delivering a kick by turning one’s body  to the side. This is a skill of striking the opponent’s face  or chest with the outside edge of the foot or the bottom of the foot. The side kick is usually performed by turning one’s body to the side and at the same time bending the leg and extending it to kick the target. In some circumstances, one may push the opponent with the foot to maintain the distance from the opponent.

Huryeo-chagi (후려차기)

A technique of whipping the bottom of the foot in a wide curve and striking the target. This is a skill of whipping the sole or the back of the foot and striking the opponent’s face. Generally, this kick is executed with one’s body facing front, the knee bending and extending, and the bottom of the foot swinging into the target. Occasionally, this kick can be done without bending the knee or by turning one’s body backward.